How did Rome gain control of Italy?
Though the Gauls sacked and burned Rome in 390 B.C., the Romans rebounded under the leadership of the military hero Camillus, eventually gaining control of the entire Italian peninsula by 264 B.C. Rome then fought a series of wars known as the Punic Wars with Carthage, a powerful city-state in northern Africa.
How were the Romans able to maintain control over the lands they conquered?
The Roman government maintained control over conquered territories using the strength of its military, political system, and economy.
How did Rome maintain control?
territory controlled by ancient Rome. The Roman army and a number of strategically placed forts ensured that the empire was defended against hostile local peoples, and an efficient network of roads was built both to allow troops to move swiftly within the empire and to facilitate trade.
Was Rome built on seven hills?
Archaeology suggests that Rome began as a confederation of villages on the seven hills of Rome: the Capitoline, Palatine, Aventine, Viminal, Quirinal, Esquiline, and the Caelian. The low-lying ground between them was swampy and malarial. Yet the presence of a natural fording place gave Rome some unusual advantages.
Does Rome have mountains?
Two major group of mountains found in Italy were very important on the development of ancient Rome. The Alps, Europe’s highest mountains, separated the Italian peninsula from the rest of the continent. The Apennine Mountains run north to south along the Italian peninsula. The seven hills protected Rome.
How did Rome treat different sections of its conquered territory?
For the Latins who lived in territory near Rome, they received full Roman citizenship. For those further afield, they received all the rights of a Roman citizen except the vote.
How were conquered people treated by the Romans?
How did Rome treat its conquered lands? Rome treated its conquered lands with justice. Conquered people had to acknowledge Roman leadership, pay taxes, and supply soldiers. Others became partial citizens, which meant they could marry Romans and carry on trade in Rome.
How did Western Roman Empire fall?
Invasions by Barbarian tribes The most straightforward theory for Western Rome’s collapse pins the fall on a string of military losses sustained against outside forces. Rome had tangled with Germanic tribes for centuries, but by the 300s “barbarian” groups like the Goths had encroached beyond the Empire’s borders.