How do you read latitude and longitude on a map?

How do you read latitude and longitude on a map?

When outlining the coordinates of a location, the line of latitude is always given first followed by the line of longitude. Therefore, the coordinates of this location will be: 10°N latitude, 70°W longitude. The line of latitude is read as 41 degrees (41°), 24 minutes (24′), 12.2 seconds (12.2”) north.

Where are the longitude and latitude lines?

Both longitude and latitude are angles measured with the center of the earth as an origin. A longitude is an angle from the prime merdian, measured to the east (longitudes to the west are negative). Latitudes measure an angle up from the equator (latitudes to the south are negative). Figure 1.

Which location is based on latitude and longitude and is an exact location?

A place’s absolute location is its exact place on Earth, often given in terms of latitude and longitude. For example, the Empire State Building is located at 40.7 degrees north (latitude), 74 degrees west (longitude). It sits at the intersection of 33rd Street and Fifth Avenue in New York City, New York.

How do you determine location?

Get the coordinates of a place

  1. On your Android phone or tablet, open the Google Maps app .
  2. Touch and hold an area of the map that isn’t labeled. You’ll see a red pin appear.
  3. You’ll see the coordinates in the search box at the top.

How do you write longitude and latitude?

Write the latitude and longitude coordinates. When writing latitude and longitude, write latitude first, followed by a comma, and then longitude. For example, the above lines of latitude and longitude would be written as “15°N, 30°E.”

What is longitude and latitude for?

Latitude and longitude, coordinate system by means of which the position or location of any place on Earth’s surface can be determined and described. latitude and longitude. Perspective of the globe with grid formed by parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude.

How do you write coordinates on a map?

Here are some tips for formatting your coordinates so they work on Google Maps:

  1. Use the degree symbol instead of “d”.
  2. Use periods as decimals, not commas.
  3. List your latitude coordinates before longitude coordinates.
  4. Check that the first number in your latitude coordinate is between -90 and 90.

How do you read coordinates?

Coordinates are ordered pairs of numbers; the first number number indicates the point on the x axis and the second the point on the y axis. When reading or plotting coordinates you always go across first and then up (a good way to remember this is: ‘across the landing and up the stairs’).

How do you read XY coordinates?

The order in which you write x- and y-coordinates in an ordered pair is very important. The x-coordinate always comes first, followed by the y-coordinate. As you can see in the coordinate grid below, the ordered pairs (3,4) and (4,3) are two different points!

Is latitude vertical or horizontal?

The horizontal lines are latitude and the vertical lines are longitude.

What place is 100 degrees longitude?

The meridian 100° west of the Prime Meridian of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, North America, the Pacific Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole. The 100th meridian west forms a great circle with the 80th meridian east.

Is Latitude up or down?

Have students look at the U.S. map and find the lines running across and up and down the page. Tell students that the lines running across the page are lines of latitude, and the lines running up and down the page are lines of longitude. Latitude runs 0–90° north and south. Longitude runs 0–180° east and west.

Is Latitude first or second?

Which Comes First, Latitude or Longitude? When you see a pair of coordinates and can’t remember whether latitude or longitude comes first, think about alphabetical order to remember. Latitude comes first in alphabetical order and it also is the first coordinate in a set. Longitude is the second coordinate in the set.

What is the 0 degree latitude line called?


What are three differences between latitude and longitude?

What is the difference between Latitude and Longitude?

Latitude Longitude
It is known as parallels It is known as meridians
The length of the lines are different The length of the lines are the same
It classifies heat zones It classifies time zones
There are 180 latitude lines There are 360 longitude lines

What are the 2 main lines of longitude?

Meridians (lines running from pole to pole) connect points with the same longitude. The prime meridian, which passes near the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, England, is defined as 0° longitude by convention. Positive longitudes are east of the prime meridian, and negative ones are west.

Are there 181 latitudes?

There are 90 latitudes to the north of equator and 90 latitudes to the south of the equator. Counting the equator there are 90+90+1=181 latitudes.

What is difference of latitude?

[′dif·rəns əv ′lad·ə‚tüd] (geodesy) The shorter arc of any meridian between the parallels of two places, expressed in angular measure.

What are the 5 major latitude lines?

Major Lines of Latitude (or Parallels) The five major parallels of latitudes from north to south are called: Arctic Circle, Tropic of Cancer, Equator, Tropic of Capricorn, and the Antarctic Circle. Five major parallels of latitudes. Image: NASA, public domain.

Which is the biggest latitude?


What is another name for longitude?


What is another name for 180 degrees longitude?

The International Date Line, established in 1884, passes through the mid-Pacific Ocean and roughly follows a 180 degrees longitude north-south line on the Earth. It is located halfway round the world from the prime meridian—the zero degrees longitude established in Greenwich, England, in 1852.

What is another name for longitude and latitude?

The lines from pole to pole are lines of constant longitude, or meridians. The circles parallel to the equator are lines of constant latitude, or parallels. The graticule shows the latitude and longitude of points on the surface.

What degrees is the greatest line of longitude?

The most important line of longitude is the Greenwich or Prime Meridian (0°). This line runs through the Greenwich Observatory in London. All the other lines of longitude are given a number between 0° and 180°.

Why there are 180 latitudes and 360 longitudes?

Longitude lines pass through the north and south poles. If you stood above the earth and looked down on the north pole from above, you would see the complete circle of the equator. So longitude goes from zero to 360 degrees. Latitude lines are parallel to the equator which has latitude = zero degrees.

Which line is longitude?

Prime Meridian

Which country is on the equator?

The Equator passes through 13 countries: Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Sao Tome & Principe, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia and Kiribati.

Which country is in the center of the Earth?