How was the legislative branch created?
Established by Article I of the Constitution, the Legislative Branch consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate, which together form the United States Congress. Until the ratification of the 17th Amendment in 1913, Senators were chosen by state legislatures, not by popular vote. …
Why does the House of Representatives have a 2 year term?
they would acquire the habits of the place which might differ from those of their Constituents.” One and three-year terms of service were initially proposed at the Convention. The Convention settled on two-year terms for Members of the House as a true compromise between the one- and three-year factions.
What does the House of Representatives do in the legislative branch?
As per the Constitution, the U.S. House of Representatives makes and passes federal laws. The House is one of Congress’s two chambers (the other is the U.S. Senate), and part of the federal government’s legislative branch.
How is representation in the House of Representatives determined?
The Constitution provides for proportional representation in the U.S. House of Representatives and the seats in the House are apportioned based on state population according to the constitutionally mandated Census.
What determines how many house of representatives a state gets?
Article I, Section II of the Constitution says that each state shall have at least one U.S. Representative, while the total size of a state’s delegation to the House depends on its population. The number of Representatives also cannot be greater than one for every thirty thousand people.
What was equal representation?
Apportionment (politics), the way that representatives are assigned to voting groups, with equal representation meaning that all groups are fairly represented. One man, one vote, the principal that each vote must have equal value and election districts must have equal populations.
What is the difference between equal representation and proportional representation?
Proportional Representation is where the amount of reps is based on Population, and equal representation is where each state has the same amount of reps. The Great Compromise gave the Senate Equal Representation for the Small States, and the House of Representatives Proportional Representation for the Large States.
Why does the Senate have equal representation?
Under this plan, the Senate and the House would base their membership on the same proportional “right of suffrage.” That is, the number of senators in each state would be determined by its population of free citizens and slaves.
Where is proportional representation used?
This system is used in many countries, including Finland (open list), Latvia (open list), Sweden (open list), Israel (national closed list), Brazil (open list), Nepal (closed list) as adopted in 2008 in first CA election, the Netherlands (open list), Russia (closed list), South Africa (closed list), Democratic Republic …
Does Germany use proportional representation?
The Bundestag, Germany’s parliament, is elected according to the principle of proportional representation. In some cases, this system is also referred to as mixed member proportional representation. However, the voting system combines many of the advantages of both the plurality and the proportional voting system.
What is proportional representation by single transferable vote?
The single transferable vote (STV) is a voting system designed to achieve or closely approach proportional representation through the use of multiple-member constituencies and each voter casting a single ballot on which candidates are ranked.
What is proportional representation in president election?
Answer: As per Article 55(3) of the Constitution of India, the election of the President shall be held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote and the voting at such election shall be by secret ballot.
What is the composition of electoral college?
The presidential electoral college is made up of the following: elected members of the Rajya Sabha (upper house of the Parliament of India); elected members of the Lok Sabha (lower house of the Parliament of India); elected members of each state’s Legislative Assembly (lower house of the state legislature); and.
How does Mixed Member Proportional work?
Mixed-member proportional representation (MMP or MMPR) is a mixed electoral system in which voters get two votes: one to decide the representative for their single-seat constituency, and one for a political party.
Do any other countries have an electoral college?
Other countries with electoral college systems include Burundi, Estonia, India, Kazakhstan, Madagascar, Myanmar, Pakistan, Trinidad and Tobago and Vanuatu. The Seanad Éireann (Senate) in Ireland is chosen by an electoral college.
Why did the Founding Fathers created the Electoral College?
The Electoral College was created by the framers of the U.S. Constitution as an alternative to electing the president by popular vote or by Congress. Several weeks after the general election, electors from each state meet in their state capitals and cast their official vote for president and vice president.
Who chooses Electoral College?
Who selects the electors? Choosing each State’s electors is a two-part process. First, the political parties in each State choose slates of potential electors sometime before the general election. Second, during the general election, the voters in each State select their State’s electors by casting their ballots.
How is electoral college votes determined?
Under the “Electoral College” system, each state is assigned a certain number of “votes”. The formula for determining the number of votes for each state is simple: each state gets two votes for its two US Senators, and then one more additional vote for each member it has in the House of Representatives.
Does the popular vote affect the electoral college?
That’s partially correct. When citizens cast their ballots for president in the popular vote, they elect a slate of electors. Electors then cast the votes that decide who becomes president of the United States. Usually, electoral votes align with the popular vote in an election.
How many electoral votes does a candidate need to win the presidential election?
A candidate needs the vote of at least 270 electors—more than half of all electors—to win the presidential election. In most cases, a projected winner is announced on election night in November after you vote.
What does a candidate need to win the presidency?
An absolute majority is necessary to prevail in the presidential and the vice presidential elections, that is, half the total plus one electoral votes are required. With 538 Electors, a candidate must receive at least 270 votes to be elected to the office of President or Vice President.