What does Madison say about factions?

What does Madison say about factions?

Madison saw factions as inevitable due to the nature of man—that is, as long as people hold differing opinions, have differing amounts of wealth and own differing amount of property, they will continue to form alliances with people who are most similar to them and they will sometimes work against the public interest …

Why is Federalist No 70 important?

Because Federalist No. 70 argues for a strong, unitary executive, it has often been used as a justification for expanding executive and presidential power, especially during times of national emergency.

What did the authors of the Federalist Papers argue about life tenure for judges in Federalist 78?

Publius in The Federalist 78 suggested that having judicial review was advantageous because it afforded federal judges “an essential safeguard against the effects of occasional ill humours in the society.” Antifederalist Brutus argued that federal judges would be “independent of the people, of the legislature, and of …

Who inspired Federalist 78?

78, the first of six essays by ALEXANDER HAMILTON on the role of the judiciary in the government established by the U.S. Constitution. Hamilton made two principal points in the essay. First, he argued for the independence of the judiciary from the other two branches of government, the executive and the legislative.

What are the three levels of federal court?

The federal court system has three main levels: district courts (the trial court), circuit courts which are the first level of appeal, and the Supreme Court of the United States, the final level of appeal in the federal system.

Why do we need both federal and state courts?

The framers of the U.S. Constitution wanted the federal government to have only limited power. Therefore, they limited the kinds of cases federal courts can decide. Most laws that affect us are passed by state governments, and thus state courts handle most disputes that govern our daily lives.

What is the main difference between federal and state courts?

When Criminal Cases Become Federal Cases Most criminal cases involve violations of state laws; therefore, they are heard in state court. But, there are some cases where a defendant has violated a federal law, and in these instances the case would be heard in federal court versus the state court system.

What are the two reasons equal justice is hard to achieve?

Why is the goal of equal justice under the law difficult to achieve? Judges and juries are not free from personal prejudices or prejudices of their communities. Poor people do not have the money to spend on the best legal help. Jurisdiction is a court’s authority to hear and decide cases.

Is the administration of justice influenced by wealth?

The justice system is premised on the notion that rich and poor are treated equally. But today, access to justice is based on how much a person can pay. People who are poor are systemically treated worse than the wealthy.

Why is equal justice important?

One important value in American society is that everyone has equal justice under the law. This means that the government and its leaders must also obey the law. Our Constitution was written in 1787. The writers of the Constitution wanted a government that was ruled by laws, not by men.

What is the meaning of equal justice?

It means that you and all other citizens are considered equal and are protected by the rule of law. Laws define individual rights and freedoms. But where does your freedom end and another person’s freedom begin? The judicial branch of the government—the court system—helps find the answer. Equal Justice under the Law.