What happened at Pearl Harbor and what action did the United States take in response?
The attack on Pearl Harbor left more than 2,400 Americans dead and shocked the nation, sending shockwaves of fear and anger from the West Coast to the East. The following day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed Congress, asking them to declare war on Japan, which they did by an almost-unanimous vote.
What did the US do as a result of Pearl Harbor?
The attack, the subsequent declarations of war, and fear of “Fifth Columnists” resulted in internment of Japanese, German, and Italian populations in the United States and others, for instance the Japanese American internment, German American internment, Italian American internment, Japanese Canadian internment, and …
What happened at Pearl Harbor?
On the morning of 7 December 1941, at 7.55am local time, 183 aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy attacked the United States Naval base at Pearl Harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. Within two hours, 18 US warships had been sunk or damaged, 188 aircraft destroyed and 2,403 American servicemen and women killed.
What started the war between Japan and America?
Japan attacked the American navy base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. In response, the United States declared war on Japan. Japan’s Axis allies, including Nazi Germany, declared war on the United States days after the attack, bringing the United States into World War II.
Why did so many Japanese died in WW2?
Some historical estimates of the number of deaths which resulted from Japanese war crimes range from 3 to 14 million through massacre, human experimentation, starvation, and forced labor that was either directly perpetrated or condoned by the Japanese military and government.
How many German survivors of Stalingrad are still alive?
Six thousand survived, returning to Germany after the war. Of them, 35 are still alive today. We visited ten of these veterans, to trace the memories of the battle in their faces and voices.
What did German soldiers eat in ww2?
Standard German rations for SS units in the field consisted of a four-day supply: about 25 ounces of Graubrot (gray rye bread); 6-10 ounces of Fleisch (canned meat) or Wurst (canned sausage); some five ounces of vegetables; a half ounce of butter, margarine, jam, or hazelnut paste; either real or ersatz coffee; five …
How cold was it at Stalingrad?
They say that during the Stalingrad battle the temperature was about -20 (C) and higher. And only in the last day of the battle it was -30 (C). But for a soldier even -5 (C) in that soppy and windy weather is a really horrible frost.
Why did Germany attack Stalingrad?
It was an important industrial city, and the Volga was an important transport route. Hitler also wanted to capture Stalingrad because it was named after Joseph Stalin, the leader of the Soviet Union, thus it would embarrass him. Hitler ordered the army to stay there. The German air force tried to supply them by air.
Why the German army lost in Russia?
Hitler had so far refused to fully mobilise the German economy and so weapons production was inadequate. Even in mid-1941 only 250 new tanks were being built each month, insufficient to properly equip the army on the eve of a major new campaign, or keep up with the inevitable mechanical and combat losses.
Why was Stalingrad renamed?
On April 10, 1925, the city was renamed Stalingrad, in honor of Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of the Communist Party. This was officially to recognize the city and Stalin’s role in its defense against the Whites between 1918 and 1920.
What did Stalingrad used to be called?