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23/07/2020

What is a hollow viscus injury?

What is a hollow viscus injury?

– hollow viscus injury refers to blunt force injury specific to the gastrointestinal system extending from the gastroesophageal junction, stomach, small and large intestine including the rectum.

What are signs of bowel perforation?

Symptoms of a bowel perforation include:

  • sudden and severe abdominal pain.
  • nausea and vomiting.
  • fever.
  • chills.
  • swelling and bloating of the abdomen.

Is Hollow viscus injury life threatening?

It is well known that delay in diagnosis and treatment of the hollow viscus injury results in early peritonitis, hemodynamic instability and increased mortality and morbidity [8].

What causes free air in abdomen?

The presence of free intra-abdominal gas usually indicates a perforated abdominal viscus. The most common cause is perforation of a peptic ulcer. Patients with such conditions need urgent surgery.

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How do you get rid of air in your stomach?

Belching: Getting rid of excess air

  1. Eat and drink slowly. Taking your time can help you swallow less air.
  2. Avoid carbonated drinks and beer. They release carbon dioxide gas.
  3. Skip the gum and hard candy.
  4. Don’t smoke.
  5. Check your dentures.
  6. Get moving.
  7. Treat heartburn.

What causes air in the belly?

Gas in your stomach is primarily caused by swallowing air when you eat or drink. Most stomach gas is released when you burp. Gas forms in your large intestine (colon) when bacteria ferment carbohydrates — fiber, some starches and some sugars — that aren’t digested in your small intestine.

How do you treat free air in your stomach?

Diagnosis is usually made by the presence of free air in the abdomen on imaging studies. Treatment is with fluid resuscitation, antibiotics, and surgery. Mortality is high, varying with the underlying disorder and the patient’s general health. (See also Acute Abdominal Pain.)

Can you see air in an xray?

Sir, Pneumoperitoneum is the presence of air or gas in the abdominal (peritoneal) cavity. It is usually detected on x-ray, but small amounts of free peritoneal air may be missed and are often detected on computerized tomography (CT).

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What is gastric bubble?

The gastric bubble is a radiolucent rounded area generally nestled under the left hemidiaphragm representing gas in the fundus of the stomach. On a lateral radiograph, the gastric bubble is usually located between the abdominal wall and spine. It can be seen on chest or abdominal plain films.

How do I get rid of gas trapped in my diaphragm?

Exercise may help gas to move through the digestive system to be eliminated. Even a simple walk around the block may help. Medical treatment options are available to help with gas pain in the chest. Over-the-counter medications, such as bismuth subsalicylate (Pepto Bismol) may ease some indigestion symptoms.