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02/06/2021

What was the purpose of settlement houses quizlet?

What was the purpose of settlement houses quizlet?

What are settlement houses? Community centers that offered services to the poor. How did settlement houses help immigrants? They gave them a home, taught them English, and about the American government, provided them with services.

What did the settlement house movement do 5 points?

The Settlement House Movement provided community centers to support city dwellers. Settlement houses were set up in poor urban areas to offer services like healthcare, education, and daycare to enhance the quality of life of the poor people in these areas.

What is a settlement house?

: an institution providing various community services especially to large city populations.

What social and or economic problems did settlement houses try to address?

Located in urban areas of poverty, settlement houses aimed to address the problems of the rapidly growing American cities. Jane Addams and her Hull House led this movement in the 1890s and early 20th century.

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What was Jacob Riis goal?

Riis’ goal was to bring to light the conditions of the poor living in the tenements and slums of New York City.

What did Jacob Riis reveal?

New York City. When Jacob Riis published How the Other Half Lives in 1890, the U.S. Census Bureau ranked New York as the most densely populated city in the United States—1.5 million inhabitants. Riis claimed that per square mile, it was one of the most densely populated places on the planet.

What did Jacob Riis do to expose poverty?

While living in New York, Riis experienced poverty and became a police reporter writing about the quality of life in the slums. He attempted to alleviate the bad living conditions of poor people by exposing their living conditions to the middle and upper classes.

What were some of the concerns that arose from tenement living conditions?

Living conditions were deplorable: Built close together, tenements typically lacked adequate windows, rendering them poorly ventilated and dark, and they were frequently in disrepair. Vermin were a persistent problem as buildings lacked proper sanitation facilities.

What were the living conditions for immigrants?

Immigrant workers in the nineteenth century often lived in cramped tenement housing that regularly lacked basic amenities such as running water, ventilation, and toilets. These conditions were ideal for the spread of bacteria and infectious diseases.

What was life like in tenements during the 1900?

Tenements were most common in the Lower East Side of New York City, the area in which a majority of immigrants found themselves settling in. Tenements were notoriously small in size, most contained no more than two rooms. One of the rooms was used as a kitchen, and the other as a bedroom.

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What was life like living in a tenement?

Apartments contained just three rooms; a windowless bedroom, a kitchen and a front room with windows. A contemporary magazine described tenements as, “great prison-like structures of brick, with narrow doors and windows, cramped passages and steep rickety stairs. . . .

How did people in tenements get water?

In the oldest and poorest tenements water had to be obtained from an outside pump, frequently frozen in winter. The privy was in the back yard. Later buildings generally had a sink and “water closet” in the hall on each floor. Newer and better class tenements had sinks in the kitchen.

When did they start putting bathrooms in houses?

The art and practice of indoor plumbing took nearly a century to develop, starting in about the 1840s. In 1940 nearly half of houses lacked hot piped water, a bathtub or shower, or a flush toilet. Over a third of houses didn’t have a flush toilet.

How much did a tenement cost?

According to James Ford’s Slums and Housing (1936), tenement households paid on average about $6.60 per room per month in 1928 and again in 1932, so the Baldizzis might have paid around $20/month on rent during their stay at 97 Orchard.