What were the lasting effects of the Vietnam War?
-The war ruined both North and South Vietnam. -In 1969, around 1,034,300 hectares of forest was destroyed. -Today there are still many children in Vietnam growing up with various diseases and disabilities affected by the harmful chemicals carried out in the War.
What was the end result of the Vietnam War and how long did it last?
In January 1973, the United States and North Vietnam concluded a final peace agreement, ending open hostilities between the two nations. War between North and South Vietnam continued, however, until April 30, 1975, when DRV forces captured Saigon, renaming it Ho Chi Minh City (Ho himself died in 1969).
What effect did the Vietnam War have on Vietnam?
It destroyed many of the dams and canals that the peasants had installed to irrigate their farmland. It also created huge craters in the rice paddies and hillsides. In fact, by the end of the war there were an estimated 21 million bomb craters in South Vietnam.
What were the causes and effects of the Vietnam War?
CAUSE: The US believed in the “domino effect”. If one country was communist, then they were all going to become communistic. EFFECT: Congress passed a resolution to give the President power to declare war. They start bombing entire cities full of innocent people.
What are two effects of the Vietnam War?
The most immediate effect of the Vietnam War was the staggering death toll. The war killed an estimated 2 million Vietnamese civilians, 1. 1 million North Vietnamese troops, 200,000 South Vietnamese troops, and 58,000 U.S. troops. Those wounded in combat numbered tens of thousands more.
What was bad about the Vietnam War?
The Vietnam War severely damaged the U.S. economy. Unwilling to raise taxes to pay for the war, President Johnson unleashed a cycle of inflation. The war also weakened U.S. military morale and undermined, for a time, the U.S. commitment to internationalism.
What difficulties did our troops face both in Vietnam and once they came home?
Vietnam War soldiers endured many hardships and faced many problems. Combatants on both sides faced physical challenges posed by the climate, terrain and wildlife of the country. They also struggled with logistical problems and the complex political situation in Vietnam.
What was life like during the Vietnam War?
About 75% of the 2.5 million soldiers fighting in Vietnam worked in support roles as clerks far away from the front lines. These men had access to all the luxuries of home, including getting to sleep in a bed, eating hot meals, drinking at bars, and shopping at a well-stocked commissary.
Why did Vietnam smell bad?
The smells of the Vietnam War were a mix of burning gunpowder, cordite, diesel oil, engine oil, grease, napalm, kerosene, and gasoline. The smells were of burning rubber, paint, wood, tile, straw, clothes, hair, melting flesh, vegetation, scorched earth, and concrete and bricks reduced to powder.
Did the Vietcong use child soldiers?
There were Iranian children who left school and participated in the Iran–Iraq War without the knowledge of their parents, including Mohammad Hossein Fahmideh. Iraqi officers claimed that they sometimes captured Iranian child soldiers as young as eight years old.
What happened to South Vietnamese soldiers after the war?
After the war ARVN soldiers, especially officers, were subjected by the victorious communists to even harsher penalties than civilians, including years of forced labor and indoctrination in ‘re-education camps’. Even in death the soldiers were treated as puppets, not people.
How the Vietnam War was fought?
The Vietnam War (also known as Second Indochina War or American War in Vietnam) lasted from 1 November 1955–30 April 1975, (19 years, 5 months, 4 weeks and 1 day). It was fought between North Vietnam and South Vietnam. It fought a guerrilla war against the anti-communist forces in the South.
Who participated in Vietnam War?
Which Countries Were Involved in the Vietnam War?
- United States.
- Soviet Union.
- South Korea and Other U.S. Allies.
Why did Britain not fight in Vietnam?
But when Johnson suggested that a token British force in South Vietnam would have a significant effect, Wilson refused on three grounds: Britain’s military was already over-stretched, with 50,000 troops aiding the Malaysia effort against Indonesian ‘confrontation’; Britain, with the Soviet Union, was co-Chair of the …
What is ARVN Vietnam War?
The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN; Vietnamese: Lục quân Việt Nam Cộng hòa; French: Armée de la république du Viêt Nam) were the ground forces of the South Vietnamese military from its inception in 1955 to the Fall of Saigon in April 1975.
What caused the fall of Saigon?
With little American appetite for re-engaging in the Vietnam War, Congress rejected Ford’s request for $722 million to aid South Vietnam. When communist forces seized Xuan Loc on April 21, South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu resigned and fled the country as 150,000 enemy troops stood on the footsteps of Saigon.
What happened to Saigon when the war ended?
The South Vietnamese stronghold of Saigon (now known as Ho Chi Minh City) falls to People’s Army of Vietnam and the Viet Cong on April 30, 1975. The South Vietnamese forces had collapsed under the rapid advancement of the North Vietnamese.