Where is the trans-Saharan trade route?
Trans-Saharan trade requires travel across the Sahara between sub-Saharan Africa and North Africa. While existing from prehistoric times, the peak of trade extended from the 8th century until the early 17th century.
What was the major trade commodity of the trans-Saharan trade route?
Gold, sought from the western and central Sudan, was the main commodity of the trans-Saharan trade. The traffic in gold was spurred by the demand for and supply of coinage.
What religion spread the trans-Saharan trade routes?
With the increased volume of trans-Saharan trade in the Islamic period, new cultural influences began to spread in Western Africa. The most important of them was a new religion, Islam, which was adopted in the states belonging to the sphere of the caravan trade by the end of the eleventh century.
How were the trans-Saharan trade routes different from the Silk Road?
Trans-Saharan routes restricted trade to within Africa; the Silk Road restricted trade to areas within Asia. Trans-Saharan trade routes were primarily land based; the Silk Road was both land and sea based. D. Salt was traded on the trans-Saharan trade routes; salt was not traded on the Silk Road.
What did the trans Saharan trade?
The West Africans exchanged their local products like gold, ivory, salt and cloth, for North African goods such as horses, books, swords and chain mail. This trade (called the trans-Saharan trade because it crossed the Sahara desert) also included slaves. Slaves would be taken to southern Spain as household servants.
What is the difference between trans Saharan and Indian Ocean trade?
-differences: Trans Saharan Trade- land based, traded bananas, slaves, gold, ivory, and local plants. Indian Ocean Trade- maritime trade, depended on seasonal winds (monsoons), traded textiles, cotton, spices, porcelain, horses, slaves, silk.
What was traded in the Indian Ocean trade?
These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, Malindi, and others. The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron. These materials were then sold to places like India, Southeast Asia, and China. These were Africa’s exports in the Indian Ocean Trade.
How did people travel on the Silk Road?
Merchants and tradesmen traveled in large caravans. They would have many guards with them. Traveling in a big group like a caravan helped in defending from bandits. Camels were popular animals for transport because much of the road was through dry and harsh land.
What religion did the Indian Ocean trade route spread?
Classic Period Indian Ocean Trading Another major export item along the classical Indian Ocean trade routes was religious thought. Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism spread from India to Southeast Asia, brought by merchants rather than by missionaries. Islam would later spread the same way from the 700s CE on.
How did monsoons affect Indian Ocean trade?
Monsoon winds made trading across the Indian Ocean easier because they made trading more predictable and less dangerous. Without the monsoons when people could only rely sails and ors there was the possibility that their goods wouldn’t make it on time and would go bad, or that the ship we sink.
What environmental knowledge did sailors need when trading in the Indian Ocean?
Knowledge of monsoon winds were essential for trading in the INdian ocean.
Why is the Indian Ocean trading network less famous well known?
The Indian Ocean trade network is also a lot less famous than the Silk Road. The monsoon winds had the special role of taking the boats from place to place in the Indian Ocean trade network. These winds were very constant because they came with the seasons.
What was the impact of the Indian Ocean trade?
Contact: As all trade networks did, the Indian Ocean trade fostered the exchange of ideas, such as Buddhism to Southeast Asia, and Islam across Eurasia.
Which was one of the most important ports of the Indian Ocean trade?
Singapore Port, the most important in the region and second busiest port in the world based on container traffic and cargo tonnage, is located in the Strait of Malacca. Linking Indian and Pacific Oceans, the Strait plays a pivotal role in the global commerce.
Which of these is most true of trade along the Indian Ocean basin?
The answer is D. Explanation: Due to its location along the Indian Ocean basin and its location between Southwest Asia and China, Indian merchants were active in sea and overland trade.
What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade be successful?
What technological developments helped the Indian Ocean trade become successful? The ability to know direction with a compass and knowing your latitude with an astrolabe. Ships were also improved to be more stable.
How did the Portuguese affect Indian Ocean trade?
Portugal’s purpose in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade. Taking advantage of the rivalries that pitted Hindus against Muslims, the Portuguese established several forts and trading posts between 1500 and 1510.
What did Portugal trade in the 1500s?
The main Portuguese goal was trade, not colonization or conquest. Soon its ships were bringing into the European market highly valued gold, ivory, pepper, cotton, sugar, and slaves. The slave trade, for example, was conducted by a few dozen merchants in Lisbon.
How did Spain Separate Portugal?
The 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas neatly divided the “New World” into land, resources, and people claimed by Spain and Portugal.